The Rwandan Genocide ended eleven years. In just 100 days in 1994, an estimated 800,000 people were murdered, many of them hacked to death. Most of the killers were ethnic Hutus and most of the victims were Tutsis.
The international community did virtually nothing to stop it. But in the genocide’s aftermath, the UN created the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. The tribunal has its critics: those who say it is costing too much, working too slowly or not up to the task. But the tribunal has won some historical firsts, including the first conviction in history for the crime of genocide.
Stephen Rapp is the Chief of Prosecutions at the tribunal. We talk with him about what he has faced — and heard — at the tribunal and whether it can ever see enough justice done for the victims of Rwanda.
Stephen Rapp, Chief of Prosecutions at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.